[Protosimplex]
[Examples and illustrations]

last update 06-03-21
#
Protosimplex

Examples and illustrations

## Geometrical understanding of elementary particles

The Heim theory is a radically geometrical description of physical processes.
That is, it actually understands all physical phenomena from internal geometrical
processes of six-dimensional space.

Space can form different curved structures which also can turn into
others (these processes are mathematically described in the context of
Heim's theory). Under certain boundary conditions such **condensing processes
can run cyclically**. Then space swings within two different partial
structures always back and forth. From outside this volume has different
physical characteristics than empty space.

In reality these characteristics of not empty space are not the result
of statics, but of internal dynamics (matter is cycling of space

).

The smallest unit which can execute such cyclic compressions is called
**Protosimplex**.
Protosimplexes however occur not isolated, but can exist only in
context of other Protosimplexes. Each elementary particle is such a connection
of Protosimplexes. Their density decreases from inside to outside.

*Fig. 1: Inner density of Protosimplexes in an elementary particle*

From this description it becomes clear why physical experiments with
identical

elementary particles must lead to periodically varying results.
Finally a dynamic interior life exists in each particle – so it is gotten

in each experiment at a coincidental point of time.

Furthermore it becomes clear that there is an internal structure of
elementary particles (Protosimplexes), but this **structures only exist
in context** of the entire particle.

Therefore no isolated quarks will never be observable, which could
be produced as fragments of elementary particles.

*Fig. 2: Existence (al periodical process) and radioactive disintegration
of elementary particles*

So therefore an elementary particle only exists as a constant cycling
between all its partial structures 1 and 2. If cycling is interrupted we
observe a radioactive disintegration.

By a mathematical description of these six-dimensional compression processes
Heim gets **an uniform mass formula** and a** theoretical cause for
all quantum numbers **resulting from these geometrical processes.

Heim states, that until today all observed elementary particles masses
are produced as solutions of his mass formula.

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© Olaf Posdzech, 1998